IAARR Journals:Guide to all Authors

GUIDELINES FOR SUBMISSION OF MANUSCRIPTS TO AFRREV AND ITS AFFILIATE JOURNALS

1. COVERING LETTER FOR SUBMISSION:

DATED: _____________

The Editor/Managing Editor
African Research Review,
Subject: SUBMISSION OF MANUSCRIPT IN THE AREA OF:

1. African Research Review (Multidisciplinary)
2. AFRREV LALIGENS: An International Journal of Language, Literature and Gender Studies
3. AFRREV IJAH: International Journal of Arts and Humanities
4. AFRREV STECH: An International Journal of Science and Technology
5. INTERNET AFRREV: An International Online JOURNAL (Purely Online)
(Please specify by ticking where you want published).

DEAR SIR/MADAM,
Please find my submission of manuscript titled ‘________________________________________________________________________’ for possible publication in your journal.

I hereby affirm that the contents of this manuscript are original. Furthermore, it has neither been published elsewhere in any language fully or partly, nor is it under review for publication anywhere. I affirm that all author(s) have seen and agreed to the submitted version of the manuscript and their inclusion of name(s) as co-author(s). Also, if our/my manuscript is accepted, I/We agree to comply with the formalities as given on the website of journal & you are free to publish our contribution to any of your journals.

NAME OF CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Designation:
Affiliation with full address
Mobile Number (s):
E-mail Address:

2. INTRODUCTION: Manuscript must be in British English prepared on a standard A4 size paper setting. It must be prepared on a single space and single column with 1” margin set for top, bottom, left and right. It should be typed in 10 point Times New Roman Font with page numbers at the bottom and centre of the every page.

3. MANUSCRIPT TITLE: The title of the paper should be in a 12 point Times New Roman Font. It should be bold typed, centred and fully capitalised.

4. AUTHOR NAME(S) & AFFILIATIONS: The author(s) full name, designation, affiliation (s), address, mobile/landline numbers, and email/alternate email address should be in italic & 11-point Times New Roman Font. It must be centered underneath the title.

5. ABSTRACT: Abstract should be in fully italicized text, not exceeding 200 words. The abstract must be informative and explain the background, aims, methods, results & conclusion in a single paragraph.

6. KEYWORDS: Abstract must be followed by list of keywords, subject to the maximum of five. These should be arranged in alphabetic order separated by commas and full stops at the end.

7. HEADINGS: All the headings should be in a 10 point Times New Roman Font. These must be bold-faced, aligned left and fully capitalised. Leave a blank line before each heading.

8. SUB-HEADINGS: All the sub-headings should be in a 10 point Times New Roman Font. These must be bold-faced, aligned left and fully capitalised.

9. MAIN TEXT: The main text should be in a 10 point Times New Roman, single spaced and justified.

10. FIGURES &TABLES: These should be simple, centered, separately numbered & self explained, and titles must be above the tables/figures. Sources of data should be mentioned below the table/figure. It should be ensured that the tables/figures are referred to from the main text.

11. EQUATIONS: These should be consecutively numbered in parentheses, horizontally centered with equation number placed at the right.

12. REFERENCES: The list of all references should be alphabetically arranged. It must be single spaced, and at the end of the manuscript. The author (s) should mention only the actually utilised references in the preparation of manuscript and they are supposed to follow APA Style of Referencing.

The authors (s) are supposed to follow the references as per following:

In-Text Citation of Sources - APA
• In general, APA in-text documentation format uses the author-date style of citation, with the author's name, followed by the year of publication, cited within the body text of an article. The complete details on the source document are included in the "References" list at the end of the paper.
• Normally, an in-text citation will be introduced with a "signal phrase" that includes the author’s last name, followed by the year of publication in parentheses. The page number in the source document, preceded by a "p.", should appear in parentheses immediately after the quotation. Example: As Smith (1998) observed, "There was only one way to go after that" (p. 97).
• In cases when the author's name is not in the signal phrase, enclose the author's last name, the year, and the page number, in parentheses at the end of the quotation. Example: (Smith, 1998, p. 263).
• If the work cited has two authors, name both authors in the signal phrase and in parentheses at the end of the quotation. For the latter, separate their names with the "&" symbol. Example: (Hartwick & Rogers, 1999).
• For more than two authors, identify all of the authors in the introductory signal phrase or in the parentheses the first time they are named. Example: (Brendan, Donaldson, Smith, & Warden, 1995). Later citations of the same work can use the first author's name followed by "et al." Example: (Brendan et al., 1995).
• If the author is an organization with a long cumbersome name, use the entire name in the body text the first time it is used, with the acronym for the organization enclosed in parentheses, followed by the year. Example: (American Society of Strategic Planners [ASSP], 1997). For later citations of the same work, use the acronym followed by the year. Example: (ASSP, 1997).

Reference List - APA
• A list of all sources cited in the paper must be included at the end of the paper. This list is entitled "References" and must begin on a separate page after the last page of text. This heading should be centred on the page.
• The reference list will be arranged in alphabetical order, by author's last name. If there is more than one work by the same author, place the entries in order of publication date, from oldest to most recent. (i.e. list 1991 references before 1995 references for the same author).
• The first line of each entry in the list of references is typed flush to the left margin. Subsequent lines for the same entry are indented one-half inch. All lines are single-spaced with 6point extra spaces between entries.
• All author's names in the references list are to use the inverted form; with last name first. Initials should be used for the author's first name. For two or more authors, separate the names by commas and use "&" instead of "and" for the last name mentioned.
• For the references list, use the last name of the author; do not use "et al" there.
• When an author appears as both a sole author, and as the first author of a group, list the single author entry first.
• If no author name is available for a publication, alphabetize the entry by the title of the work, and use a shortened version of the title in parenthetical "in-text" citations in the body of the text.
• For the title of the work being cited, use italics.
• When referencing BOOKS, capitalize the first word and all proper nouns contained in the title and sub-title. Do not use all capitals.
• When listing two or more works by one author, use ---, such as after Orji (1997), use --- (2001), etc, in chronologically ascending order.
• When citing ARTICLES capitalize the first word and all proper nouns in the title. Do not put titles of articles in quotations.
• The title of books and journals should be in italics. Double quotation marks are used for titles of journal articles, book chapters, dissertations, reports, working papers, unpublished material, etc.
• Indicate (opening and closing) page numbers for articles in journals and for chapters in books, e.g. Pp. 200-235
• Use (ed.) for one editor, and (eds.) for multiple editors.

PLEASE USE THE FOLLOWING FOR STYLE AND PUNCTUATION IN REFERENCES:

BOOKS
Brown, G: and Yule, G. (1983). Discourse Analysis. London: Longman Group Ltd.
Sinclair, Johnson. M., & Courlthard, David .M. (1975). Towards an Analysis of Discourse: The English Used by Teachers and Pupils. London: Oxford University Press.

CONTRIBUTIONS TO BOOKS
Sharma T., Kwatra, G. (2008). “Effectiveness of Social Advertising: A Study of Selected Campaigns, Corporate Social Responsibility”. David Crowther & Nicholas Capaldi, (eds.) Ashgate Research Companion to Corporate Social Responsibility, Chapter 15, pp. 287-303.

JOURNAL AND OTHER ARTICLES
Schemenner, R.W., Huber, J.C. and Cook, R.L. (1987). "Geographic Differences and the Location of New Manufacturing Facilities." Journal of Urban Economics, Vol. 21, No. 1, pp. 83-104.
Eyije, S.E, (2009), “Social Communication: A Phenomenon of Human Existence,” in Gleaner Vol. I, No 12, pp.83-95.

CONFERENCE PAPERS
Umera-Okeke, Nneka P. (2011), “Activating/Building Background Knowledge for Fluency and Successful Reading Comprehension.” Paper presented at the 3rd Annual National Conference of the School of Languages, Nwafor Orizu College of Education, Nsugbe, 24–28 October.

UNPUBLISHED DISSERTATIONS AND THESES
Anyadiegwu, Justina C. (2011). “Composing Writing in a Second Language: A Study of Selected Secondary Schools in Anambra State.” Ph.D.Thesis, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria.

ONLINE RESOURCES
Always indicate the date that the source was accessed, as online resources are frequently updated or removed.

WEBSITE
Garg, Bhavet (2011). Towards a New Natural Gas Policy, Economic and Political Weekly, Viewed or Retrieved on July 05, 2011 http://epw.in/user/viewabstract.jsp

Please hurry now and submit your article to afrrevonline@yahoo.com for our online publication and jafrrev@yahoo.com for our print publications.